For day-to-day administration of a Linux server, it is not recommended to run as the root superuser. Entering the wrong command can cause irreversible system crash and file corruption. Therefore, it is desirable to create a VPS server user with sudo privileges.
Create a user with sudo privileges
1. Create a user and give him the rights to perform actions on behalf of the super administrator root:
useradd -G sudo -s /bin/bash -m sudo_user
sudo_user – example of a new username with sudo privileges.
2. Set a password for the sudo_user user:
3. To check, try connecting to the server as the created user sudo_user
Linux/MacOS: execute in terminal:
Windows: connect to the server via PuTTY. In the login as field, enter sudo_user.
After connecting to the server, change the user to root:
If the new sudo_user is working properly, the name should change to root.
Run the exit command to end the session as root. The username will be changed to sudo_user.
In order to disable remote access of the root user, you need to modify the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file. Open the file:
sudo nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config
4. Find the line PermitRootLogin in this file. Enter in the field value:
sudo service ssh restart
Working with users
When a user is created, he will be added to the group by default with the name corresponding to his name. You can also use the –G switch to specify additional groups for the user being created.
For example, this command will add the user to the sudo_user group and to the sudo_group.
Accordingly, in the next command, the username will be added to the username group, as well as to the sudo group, since the -G switch allows you to specify additional groups for the user:
useradd -G sudo_group -s /bin/bash -m sudo_user
If you want to add a user to a new group, first you need to create this group:
Then create a user:
useradd -g group_name sudo_user
To add an existing user to the group, use the usermod command:
usermod -G group_name sudo_user
To change the primary group of a user:
usermod -g group_name sudo_user
To get information about a user:
To delete a user:
To remove a group:
If you have any questions, please create a ticket to technical support.